How can journalits like Anna Polikpvskaya best be encouraged and protected?

We have to ask ourselves how can journalists like Anna Polikpvskaya best be encouraged and protected?

Anna Polikpvskaya was many a few journalists been killed since 1992. n 2006, Anna was  found dead  n her apartment, her death was caused by a shot in the head. Also her defender Natalia Estemirova a colleague of Anna was kidnapped in 2009 and murdered in Grozny. However 7 years later her family are no where near knowing the truth about her death.  In 2007 the President Vladimir Putin promised they will protect journalists from danger . Putin’s remarks on Politkovskaya were in contrast to his first reaction to her killing, where he played down on the significance of her works. He quoted  ” her influence on political life in Russia was minimal.”

it’s brilliant Russia is going to encourage and protect journalists but what about the rest of the journalists around the world?  In an article Centre for Freedom of the Media,2015, talk about UN and all the other countries Council adopts  resolution on protection of journalists as civilians. The article talks about how strongly condemning impunity for attacks on journalists is greatly increased globally.  90 per cent of crimes against journalist went unprotected.  Also” 150 journalist and 170 non professional  were languishing prison simply for doing their job.” The Council stress about how mix  between common aspiration  and divergent interest for the sake of the peace. They have also spoke about how  journalist  operate with different independent witnesses was shrinking, this is partly because Governments and  terrorist group  could call Bypass to  put their own controlled message directly on line instead of the article which has been written.

However for journalists to be protected and encouraged without looking over the shoulder to some degree. The Council have said ”peacekeeping operations and special political missions, where mandated, can make to international efforts to promote and protect human rights, and the protection of civilians, including journalists, media professionals, and associated personnel. ” This is by including monitoring and reporting on violations and abuses. By providing support for national Governments to make an effort to promote and protect human rights and in order to strengthen the fight against impunity for crimes committed against journalists, media professionals, and associated personnel.

This will be one step forward to helping journalist be encouraged and protected whilst processing there careers. By promoting and protect human rights. By believing in the council, journalist will have a chance to feel safe and move on with there career.







Press intrusion and privacy: where should the lines be drawen?

When it comes to journalism where do we draw the lines between the press intrusion and privacy? There are laws in place for trespassing and freedom of speech to a certain extent  but what is the law for paparazzi. Daniel J.Solove (2014) explains about paparazzi were harassing Jennifer Lawrence or any other kind of celebrity from taking photos without them knowing and following them everywhere they go. Lawrence speaks about how her goal is to make it  illegal to buy, post and shop photo that’s been obtained legally.  For example one of the paparazzi decided to jump Lawrence fence and took a picture through her window of her naked, the photo has been uploaded all over the internet the next day and  all around the globe.

However, where do we even draw the line to respecting celebrities and letting journalist keep their career. Joshua Rozenberg,2005, spoke about ” Drawing a line between justified and unjustified intrusion places great stresses on our legal traditions: some judges favour stretching existing laws to help deserving victims, whilst others feel it would be more honest simply to recognize privacy as a new human right.” (P.1)

When we look at the journalist drawing a line between justified and unjustified intrusion places enormous stresses on our legal traditions. Owen Bowcott,2011,   spoke about how there was a massive debate amongst the Politicians and  Judges from the Ministry of Justice. The Politicians has come to turns that we need to create a legislative framework, governing intrusions on privacy by having warrants and phones taps.

Even though the government inquires a need for privacy legislations but the Commons culture, and media press standards, privacy and libel in February 2010  did not support the need for legislations. Opponents fear that privacy law would only set out broad principles, even the judges will still have a hard time working on individual cases and it will still be a very tricky task to the courts.   Lord Lester explain that a Privacy Act would probably do little more than codify the existing convention. However, Baroness Buscombe the chairmen of The Press Complaints Commission said ” Privacy law could not work,  in a world where technology is always ahead of the law.’

By understanding the fact the law is helping celebrities to a certain extent and trying to improve the law system to help celebrities feel safe and keeping the journalists jobs but technology plays a huge part still.

Is It True that ”we are all journalists” now ?


In today’s society we have to ask our self is it true that ”we are all journalists now?”  We have to consider the possibility technology is a huge part of our discussion in answering the question. Has the technology made us all journalists now and do we need a degree?

Rosenblum,2015, explains technology is constantly changing all around the globe. In the 20th century,  only a select few people who call themselves journalist because printing press or radio or TV were both complicated and expensive. Some individuals  called themselves professional journalist but didn’t think they were better than anyone else, it was due to the fact technology could or would allow them to go.

However from the 20th century to the 21st century,  in a blink of an eye we got the internet all around us. We do not have to pay for it either, which is great. The fact by a click of the finger we go on our mobile phones and the web by using social media. We can upload post blogs and YouTube videos all around the globe, anyone who contributes to the contents of social media is fast growing sprawl of information in the media matrix is a journalist. ” the lines distinguishing journalist from other people who disseminate information, ideas and opinions to wide audience have been blurred, perhaps beyond recognitions.” (Gant, 2011, p.1)

We can only call ourselves journalists to a certain extent, the fact we can blog or upload a post through mobile. We don’t take in the things which can go wrong for example women called Janet Ritz,  explains if we are going to consider the fact we are all journalists. People who use social media and post incorrect information, exposing, sensational, prejudicial or inappropriate or even lead to the conquest of interfering with a manhunt. Don’t realise the damage by causing trouble people are not shield by law.  Is there anything shielding the actual journalists career?  Jeff  Jarvis explains that we are no journalists,  we just plan journalism and should we definition of the journalists who is protected by law?  Jeff tells that to an extent journalist are protected by the law and we have to consider to some degree we can call ourselves journalists.

By understanding that we are all journalist now because of technology, people still need still take in consideration the damage and the efforts social media can have on others.